evolution

Flower Physiology

Defining the physiological dimensions of floral form and evolution

Pollination traits have physiological consequences

Accepted paper explains how flower size and color have important effects on flower energy balance.

Testing the benefits of early vessel evolution

From rainforests to deserts, across latitudes and elevations, the flowering plants (the angiosperms) dominate almost every terrestrial ecosystem. It is impossible not to be amazed and impressed by their abundance and diversity. While their sudden …

Flower physiology is more diverse than leaf physiology

Published paper shows that flower physiological traits covary the same as leaves even though flowers are more hydraulically variable.

Hydraulic traits are more diverse in flowers than in leaves

-Maintaining water balance has been a critical constraint shaping the evolution of leaf form and function. However, flowers, which are heterotrophic and relatively short-lived, may not be constrained by the same physiological and developmental …

Genome downsizing, physiological novelty, and the global dominance of flowering plants

The abrupt origin and rapid diversification of the flowering plants during the Cretaceous has long been considered an “abominable mystery.” While the cause of their high diversity has been attributed largely to coevolution with pollinators and …

Hydraulic conductance and the maintenance of water balance in flowers

Flowers face desiccating conditions, yet little is known about their ability to transport water. We quantified variability in floral hydraulic conductance (Kflower) for 20 species from 10 families and related it to traits hypothesized to be …

A physiological approach to the ecology and evolution of flowers

Flowers have long been considered one of the hallmarks of angiosperm evolution. They are morphologically complex structures that both promote efficient pollination and protect the developing embryo. When it was championed in 1793 by Christian Konrad …

Uncorrelated evolution of leaf and petal venation patterns across the angiosperm phylogeny

Early angiosperm evolution, beginning approximately 140 million years ago, saw many innovations that enabled ow- ering plants to alter ecosystems globally. These included the development of novel, ower-based pollinator attrac- tion mechanisms and …